Introduction to Indian handicrafts
Handicrafts are considered as one of the oldest traditions of the world. Wooden handicrafts are made by decorating or carving the wood to create beautiful items. Every craftsman creates a unique handicraft according to their individual talent. India is considered as the land of tradition and culture. Handicrafts form an integral part of India’s rich and unique customs. The craft council of India has given a report by saying, “Handicraft is the second-largest source of employment in the country, after agriculture. Yet India’s hand industries are in a crisis of misunderstanding.”
This inheritance or we say Indian handicrafts history of making unique and beautiful handicrafts has been passed from one generation to another. India has a unique variety of awestruck jewellery, hand-made paintings and beautiful woodcraft. These pleasing items can only be found in India.
India is among the most superior countries in the name of supplying handicrafts across the world. The Indian handicrafts industry is highly labour based industry and decentralized, being spread all over the country in rural and urban areas. Indian craftsmen create distinctive masterpieces with different shapes, patterns, colours and sizes. These handicrafts are famous all over the earth for their ability to last.
History Of Indian Handicrafts
The history of Indian wooden handicrafts goes back to ancient times. The art of making crafts from hands is known as handicrafts. These Indian handicrafts were discovered in one of the oldest civilizations of India, The Indus Valley Civilization. The handicrafts industries were made during the medieval period in India and it continued to increase until Britishers came to India.
It became very difficult for the handicraft industry to keep up with the foreign market. The wooden handicrafts were sold at a high price because they were hand-made and used one’s skills. It took time and a lot of hard work.
The machine-made goods which, sold in the foreign market were cheaper and durable, so people began to buy British goods.
The handicrafts of India are rich in art, history, culture and religion, and the charm of handmade products over machine made products can not be ignored.
About wooden handicrafts
It is very well known by all that India is most famous for its culture and crafts and these wooden handicraft home decorations are the most popular art form in India. Wooden handicrafts are very popular in India because of their beauty and aesthetic importance. India has a vast species of trees. These different varieties of trees were used in the manufacturing of the wooden handicrafts. Wooden handicrafts of India are known for their utility and beauty. These handicrafts embrace furniture, boxes, beads, finely engraved figures, accessories etc. India is a tropical country and it has deciduous or evergreen forests. Also, learn about the types of handicrafts in India. A large amount of wood from bamboo trees, Sheesham Trees, Alpine forests and trees belonging to arid regions were used. Besides the wooden furniture items, beautiful toys, photo frames, dolls, wall hangings, decorative vases, showpieces were also made. The art of decorating and carving the wood is considered as one of the most notable forms. Wooden handicrafts items are used for decorating houses.
Types of wooden handicrafts
The wooden handicrafts come in various forms of arts and culture. Different pieces of wooden artwork in the forms of figures, sculptures have been made by the famous artisans of our country. The different art forms used for making decorative items were Warli, famous Dhokra art from West Bengal, Madhubani art form. The variety of these handicrafts ranges from wooden fish hook to pipe stem to spoons and many more.
It requires a lot of hard work and dedication to carve a piece of wood and make something unique and beautiful out of it. The patterns and figures that are engraved on every piece of wood have a different story.
Here are some types of techniques used for making wooden handicrafts that are made for decorating your houses with furniture, showpieces, wooden frames etc.
Marquetry: Marquetry is one of the modern forms for making wooden handicrafts, it is a craft that involves inserting pieces of material into the wood to create beautiful and detailed patterns. The items that are inserted include wood, ivory, metal etc. This results in a beautiful handmade wooden showpiece. The simplest marquetry only uses two slices of veneer which are temporarily stuck together. Marquetry is a modern form of craft that uses knives to cut thin wood slices, but as we all know that knife cutting is so much time consuming so now most of the marquetry used a saw for cutting the veneer.
Wood carving is one of the oldest art forms for making decorative wooden products. It is the process of decorating wood by hand with the help of a sharp tool. Wood carving involves the use of various steps such as blocking, surfacing and smoothening. The tools may include chisels, v-tools and other carving tools. Wood carving is used for making various wooden figures, idols, even ornaments. The making of sculpture by wood carving art has been extremely widely practised.
Intarsia: Intarsia is woodcraft that is made by using a technique that involves laying sections of wood inside furniture like walls and floors. The word 'intarsia' is derived from the Latin word 'interserere' which means "to insert". This process gives the mosaic look. The word intarsia and the art form is still a mystery to many people. This art became famous during the 17th century when Egypt came under Arab rule.
Some Other Types of handicrafts
Skilled workers carve designs on the wooden items in form of sculptures, figuring, idols, wall wood carved items and add more beauty to them by painting them or adding some metal/ivory work to them. There are many different types of handicrafts in India. The three most important and popular handicrafts are:
Paintings: Paintings have been present since the beginning of human civilization. Paintings have been an important part of the historic culture of India. The Indian paintings are of many types such as Thangka Paintings, Miniatures Paintings and Tanjore Paintings, Madhubani Paintings, Dhokra Art, Warli Painting. These paintings now have become the greatest desire of artists. The painting styles changed with time and the ruling dynasty in India. For example: During the medieval period, the paintings made were of Mughal styles of art.
Stone Work: The second handicrafts include stone work. The stone works of the workers are appreciated since the old times. These pieces of art are of great functional and aesthetic value. There are many designs, patterns and figures which were crafted on the walls of temples of India. During the medieval time, when the kings of India took an interest in the arts of India, a large amount of money was spent on carving on the walls of temples, caves, monuments etc. All the artists came up with a design which then was carefully and properly carved as wooden art and craft.
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You can also find various types of paintings that will surely give your house an alluring look.